American Journal of Life Sciences

Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2015

  • Plant Product- Drug Interaction: The Case of Blighia sapida Stem Bark Extract and Streptomycin or Erythromycin is Antagonism

    Udobi Chinweizu Ejikeme, Daniel Mbuotidem David

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2015
    Pages: 1-5
    Received: 24 November 2014
    Accepted: 9 December 2014
    Published: 14 January 2015
    Abstract: The continuous development of resistance by microorganisms to antibiotics has necessitated the use of combinations of agents for their containment. This has led to the combination of plant products or parts known to have potentials to control microorganisms with antibiotics without any scientific basis by traditional medicine practitioners. Erythro... Show More
  • Extraction of Borassus Flabilifer Root and Biochemical Effects on Experimental Mouse Model- Lipid Profile

    Rajib Dab Nath, Md. Sohel Rana, Md. Areeful Haque, Pobittro Sen, Md. Elias Mehedy, Mrityunjoy Biswas

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2015
    Pages: 6-10
    Received: 12 December 2014
    Accepted: 22 December 2014
    Published: 20 January 2015
    Abstract: In this investigation we included an extraction of Borassusflabilifer root and reported to have beneficial effect in lowering of blood pressure and treatment of hypertensive patients. Borassusflabilifer root were collected from various part of Noakhali and extract was prepared by following standard method. The present study was conducted to determi... Show More
  • Effectiveness of Breeding Methods for Production of Superior Genotypes and Maintenance of Genetic Variance in Faba Bean (Vicia faba, L.)

    Hossam Mohammed Ibrahim

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2015
    Pages: 11-16
    Received: 21 September 2014
    Accepted: 10 October 2014
    Published: 23 January 2015
    Abstract: The present study was carried out during the period from 2007/ 08 to 2011/2012 at Agricultural Research Station, Faculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt. The study aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of pedigree (P), single seed descent (SSD), and mass selection (MS) breeding methods. Two F2 populations, derived from two ... Show More
  • Dimethoate Induced Changes in Serum Ca2+ and Corpuscles of Stannius in Freshwater Catfish Heteropneustes fossilis, after Short-Term and Long-Term Exposure

    Rakesh Kumar Pandey, Vijai Krishna Das

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2015
    Pages: 17-21
    Received: 8 December 2014
    Accepted: 23 December 2014
    Published: 28 January 2015
    Abstract: The Corpuscles of Stannius (CS) exclusively present in bony fishes, produce Stanniocalcin – an anti-hypercalcemic hormone. Fish are in intimate contact with their surrounding through their gills. Gills are the main target of stanniocalcin; therefore, the activity of CS is influenced by many external and internal factors. Stressful conditions such a... Show More
  • Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 and Endothelial Leukocyte Adhesion Molecule-1 as Markers of Atherosclerosis of NIDDM

    Mohammed E. Al-Ghurabi, Ali A. Muhi, Dhefaf H. Al-Mudhafar

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2015
    Pages: 22-26
    Received: 13 December 2014
    Accepted: 27 December 2014
    Published: 30 January 2015
    Abstract: Background: Leukocyte adhesion to arterial endothelial cells is thought to be an important step in the development of atherosclerosis, Adhesion molecules such as vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and the endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ELAM-1) play an essential role in the early stages of atherogenesis of diabetic patients. Mate... Show More
  • Nkombo Island: The Most Important Schistosomiasis mansoni Focus in Rwanda

    Eugene Ruberanziza, Michée Kabera, Giuseppina Ortu, Kirezi Kanobana, Denise Mupfasoni, Josh Ruxin, Alan Fenwick, Thierry Nyatanyi, Corine Karema, Tharcisse Munyaneza, Katja Polman

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2015
    Pages: 27-31
    Received: 7 January 2015
    Accepted: 25 January 2015
    Published: 2 February 2015
    Abstract: In Rwanda, the initial school-based mapping of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections was completed in 2008. Despite the classification of low endemicity of intestinal schistosomiasis (Schistosoma mansoni) in Rusizi district, the Neglected Tropical Disease (NTD) programme has received warnings two years after the mapping on ... Show More
  • Genetic Engineering of Microalgae for Enhanced Biodiesel Production Suitable Fuel Replacement of Fossil Fuel as a Novel Energy Source

    Fatemeh Nazari, Jamshid Raheb

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2015
    Pages: 32-41
    Received: 19 January 2015
    Accepted: 29 January 2015
    Published: 6 February 2015
    Abstract: Due to negative environmental influence and limited availability, petroleum derived fuels need to be replaced by renewable biofuels. Biodiesel has attracted intensive attention as an important biofuel. Microalgae provide various potential advantages for biodiesel production when compared with ‘traditional’ crops. Specifically, large scale micro alg... Show More
  • Honey Production and Marketing in Ethiopian

    Gemechis Legesse Yadeta

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2015
    Pages: 42-46
    Received: 20 December 2014
    Accepted: 6 January 2015
    Published: 11 February 2015
    Abstract: The beekeeping subsector has been an integral part of agriculture in Ethiopia. It has been contributing to the household income and poverty alleviation and national economy through export. The country has huge apicultural resources that made it the leading honey and beeswax producer in Africa. Moreover, Ethiopia is a country where apicultural resea... Show More
  • Phenotypic Diversity and Molecular Identification of the Most Prevalent Anastomosis Group of Rhizoctonia solani Isolated from Diseased Faba Bean Plants

    Mohamed Maha Helmy, Gado Emad, El-Deeb Samir, Mostafa Helmy Mostafa

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2015
    Pages: 47-55
    Received: 31 December 2014
    Accepted: 18 January 2015
    Published: 13 February 2015
    Abstract: One hundred and thirty one isolates of Rhizoctonia spp. were isolated from faba bean plants showing root rot and stem canker collected from different fields in Delta region of Egypt. Forty six isolates were found to be polynucleate and the remaining isolates were binucleates. According to morphological features of isolates, they were classified int... Show More